až-Žahabī, may Allāh have mercy upon him in the Siyār al-A’lām an-Nubalā’ said:
He is a Sheikh of the Shafiites, an ‘Ālim of the ‘Ajam and ‘Arab, an Imām of the Dīn, Abū al-Qāsim ‘abd al-Karīm, son of the ‘Allāmah, Abū al-Fadhl Muhammad bin ‘abd al-Karīm bin al-Fadhl bin al-Husayn ar-Rāfi’ī al-Qazwinī.
He was born in the year 555 AH. He read to his father as a pupil in 569 AH. He narrated from him, from ‘abd Allah bin Abū al-Futūh bin ‘Imrān the Faqīh, from Hāmid bin Mahmūd al-Khatīb ar-Rāzī, Abū al-Khair at-Tāliqānī, Abū al-Karam ‘Alī bin ‘abd al-Karīm al-Hamaźānī, ‘Alī bin ‘abd Allah ar-Rāzī, Abū Sulaiman Ahmad bin Hasnawayh, ‘abd al-‘Azīz bin al-Khalīl al-Khalīlī, Muhammad bin Abū Tālib adh-Dharīr, the Hāfizh Abū ‘Allå’ al-‘Attār – I believe with ijazah – and with it from Abū Zur’ah al-Maqdisī, and Abū al-Fath bin al-Battī.
The Hāfizh ‘abd al-‘Azhīm heard from him in Mawsim. He gave ijāzah to Abū ath-Thanā’ Mahmūd bin Abū Sa’īd at-Tāwūs ‘abd al-Hādī bin ‘abd al-Karīm Khatīb al-Miqyās and al-Fakhr ‘abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘abd ar-Rahmān bin as-Sukkarī.
He is from the ‘ulamā’ who practices his knowledge (al-‘āmilūn). Ta’abbud (servanthood), nusuk (piety), ahwāl (spiritual states), tawādhu’ (humility) was mentioned concerning him. The knowledge (ma’rifah) of the maźhab reached its highest at him. al-Fath al-‘Azīz fī Syarh al-Wajīz and another smaller commentary were written by him. He also wrote Syarh Musnad asy-Syāfi’ī in two volumes exhausting himself over it and the Fourty Hadīths, transmitting them. The Amālī upon thirty hadīths and the Book at-Taźnīb containing benefits from the Wajīz were also written by him.
Ibnu aś-Śolāh said:
I believe that I had never seen in the cities of the ‘ajam (non-Arabs) the likes of him. He is the master of various sciences, has a fine character and a comely authority.
Abū ‘abd Allāh Muhammad Bin Muhammad al-Isfaraynī aś-Śaffār said:
He is our Syakh, Imām of the Dīn, true Nāśir (Advocate) of the Sunnah, unparalleled in his time in tafsīr of the Qurān and the maźhab. He used to have a majlis (gathering) of tafsīr and the tasmī’ of Hadīth in the Jāmi’ of Qazwīn. He wrote a lot, and was one who has zuhd, wara’ and heard from many.
The Imām, an-Nawāwī said:
He is from the śālihūn who is learned. Attributed to him are many manifest karamāt.
Ibnu Khalikān said:
He passed away in Zhu al-Qa’idah of 623AH.
I heard from Abū Khudhūr at 3 years of age in the year 558 AH.
Sheikh Taj ad-Dīn al-Fazārī said:
Ibnu Khalikān narrated (haddatha), that Khuwarazmī, the Shah of invaded al-Kurj and he killed with his sword until blood congealed on his hand. ar-Rāfi’ī visited him and said: Bring me your hand which the blood of al-Kurj congealed upon it so that I could kiss it. He said: No, rather I should kiss your hand. He then kissed the hand of the Sheikh.
I say: Credited to the father of ar-Rafi’ī, a travel in which he met ‘abd al-Khāliq asy-Syahāmī and his ranks. He remained traveling until after 580 AH.
Muzhaffar ad-Dīn, a qādhī of Qazwīn said:
I have with me, with an inscription of ar-Rāfi’ī in the Kitāb at-Tadwīn fī Tawārīkh Qazwīn. He is associated (by lineage) to Rāfī’ Bin Khadīj al-Anśārī, may Allāh be pleased with him.
Abu al-Ma’ālī bin ar-Rāfi’ said to me:
I heard the Imām Rukn ad-Dīn ‘abd Śamad Bin Muhammad al-Qazwīnī asy-Syāfi’ī transmitted that by means of samā’ from Muzhaffar ad-Dīn. ar-Rukn then said: I do not hear in the cities of Qazwīn a city which is called Rāfi’ān.
Ishāq al-Muqrī narrated to us (akhbara),
‘abd al-‘Azhīm, the Hāfizh in the year 505 AH narrated to us (akhbara),
asy-Syeikh Abū al-Qāsim ‘abd al-Karīm Bin Muhammad al-Qazwīnī narrated to us (haddatha) by lafzh (word) in the Masjid of the Messenger of Allāh, Salutations of Allāh and His Peace upon him,
Abū Zur’ah narrated to us with iźn (permission) (ح),
‘abd al-Khāliq al-Qādhī narrated to us (akhbara),
Abū Muhammad Bin Qudāmah narrated to us (akhbara),
Abū Zur’ah narrated to us (akhbara),
Abū Manśūr bin al-Muqāmī narrated to us (akhbara) by Ijazah – if not by samā’-,
Abū al-Qasīm al-Khatīb narrated to us (akhbara),
‘Alī bin Ibrāhīm al-Qattān narrated to us (akhbara),
Ibnu Mājah narrated to us (haddatha),
Ismā’īl Bin Rāshid narrated to us (haddatha),
Zakaria Bin ‘Adī narrated to us (haddatha),
‘Ubaidullāh bin ‘Amr narrated to us (haddatha),
From ‘abd al-Karīm, from ‘Āthā’, from Jābir that the Messenger of Allāh, Salutations of Allāh and His Peace upon him, said:
صَلَاةٌ فِي مَسْجِدِي أَفْضَلُ مِنْ أَلْفِ صَلَاةٍ فِيمَا سِوَاهُ ، إِلَّا الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ ، وَصَلَاةٌ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ مِائَةِ
أَلْفِ صَلَاةٍ فِيمَا سِوَاهُ .
A prayer in my masjid is superior from a thousand of prayers elsewhere except in the Masjid al-Harām. A prayer in Masjid al-Harām is superior a hundred thousand times of prayers elsewhere.
‘abd al-Azhīm said: Ibnu As’ad considered it śawāb (accurate).