aź-Źahabī, may Allāh have mercy upon him, said in the Siyar al-A’lām an-Nubalā’:
He is the Imām, the ‘Allāmah, the Hāfizh, the Lughawī (Linguist), Abū Sulaimān Hamd Bin Muhammad Bin Ibrāhim Bin Khattab al-Bustī al-Khattābī, author of many works.
He was born in the 310s AH. He heard from Abū Sa’īd Bin al-A’rabī in Makkah, Ismā’īl Bin Muhammad as-Śaffār and his ranks in Baghdad, Abū Bakr Bin Dāsah and others in Baśrah, as well as Abū al-‘Abbās al-‘Aśam and numerous others in Naisabūrī. He devoted his attention to this matter both with regard to the matn (text) and the isnād (chain). He also narrated from Abū ‘Amr bin as-Sammāk, Mukram al-Qādhī, Abū ‘Umar the servant of Tha’lab, Hamzah Bin Muhammad al-‘Aqabī, Abū Bakr an-Najjād and Ja’far Bin Muhammad al-Khuldī. He took fiqh according to the maźhab of asy-Syāfi’ī from Abū Bakr al-Qaffāl asy-Syāsyi, Abū ‘Alì Bin Abū Hurairah and their equals.
Those who narrated from him include: Abū ‘abd Allāh al-Hākim who is amongst his peers both in age and authority, the Imām Abū Hāmid al-Isfarainī, Abū ‘Amr Muhammad bin ‘abd Allāh ar-Razjāhī, the ‘Allāmah Abū ‘Ubaid Ahmad Bin Muhammad al-Harawī, Abū Mas’ūd al-Husain Bin Muhammad al-Karābīsī, Abū Źar ‘abd bin Ahmad, Abū Naśr Muhammad Bin Ahmad al-Balkhī al-Ghaznawī, Ja’far Bin Muhammad Bin ‘Alī al-Marrūźī al-Mujāwir, Abū Bakr Muhammad Bin al-Husain al-Ghaznāwī al-Muqri’, ‘Alī bin al-Husain as-Sijzī the Faqīh, Muhammad bin ‘Alī bin ‘abd al-Mālik al-Fārisī al-Fasawī, Abū al-Husain ‘abd al-Ghāfir Bin Muhammad al-Fārisī, and a group other than them.
Abū al-Husain ‘Alī Bin Muhammad the Faqīh and Syuhdah Bint Hassān reported to us, both saying:
Abū Tāhir as-Silafī reported to us saying:
As for Abū Sulaimān, the author who wrote a commentary to the book of Abū Daūd, when a munśif (one who is just) examines his muśannifāt (writings), and discovers the excellence of his taśarrufāt (versatility) in his muallafāt (works), his imamah (leadership), diyānah (religiosity) in what he reported and amānah will be established. He in fact travelled for the sake of hadīth and the recitation of various knowledge. He go from one place to another and wrote in the various fields of knowledge. He then compiled these works. With regard to his shuyūkh, there are aplenty. Similar is said with regard to his works. Amongst them is Syarh as-Sunan which we relied on from the beginning in dictating (Imlā’) and delivering (Ilqā’), and his book concerning gharīb al-Hadīth. He mentioned in it what neither Abū ‘Ubaid nor Ibnu Qutaibah mentioned in their books. It is a gratifying yet beneficial book. It’s muhaśśil (attainment) with intention is muwaffaq sa’īd (attainment of tawfīq and happiness). al-Qādhī Abū al-Mahāsīn delivered it to me via munāwalah (handing over of book) in Ray. His shaykh with regard to the book, ‘abd al-Ghāfir al-Fārisī narrated it from Abū Sulaimān. From his tawālīf, none other came upon me except these two books in the form of munāwalah nor samā’ (via listening from a teacher) during my meetings with Abū al-Mahāsin due to an obstacle (‘āridhah) which in fact affected me and distressed me. If not for it, I would not be weak in my listening to both of the books. The ra’īs, Abu ‘Abdullah ath-Thiqafī narrated to us the book al-‘Uzlah from Abū ‘Amr from him. I am not sure if I heard it completely or part of it.
Until the saying of as-Silafī:
Abū ‘Ubaid al-Harawī narrated (haddatha) from him in the book al-Gharibayn. He said Ahmad Bin Muhammad al-Khattabī, and did not used his kunya, and Abū Manśūr ath-Tha’ālibī concurred with him with regard to that. This is as mentioned by al-Jam al-Ghafīr: No, as mentioned by both of them. One of the Udabā’ (involved in Arabic Literary Sciences) who took from Ibnu Khurrazād an-Najiramī in the book al-Yatīmah mentioned the same name but he used his kunya. He said: Abū Sulaimān Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Ibrāhīm al-Bustī, author of Gharīb al-Hadīth, but the accurate, with regard to his name is Hamdun, and he is Abū Sulaimān Hamd Bin Muhammad bin Ibrāhīm bin al-Khattab al-Bustī, from the progeny of Zaid bin al-Khattab, may Allah have mercy upon him. He has a poetry which is mesmerizing.
I say: He has a commentary on the Asmā al-Husna, the book al-Ghaniyah ‘An Kalām wa ahlihi and others. Abū al-Hasan and Syuhdah both reported to us (akhbaranā) saying:
Ja’far narrated to us (akhbaranā):
as-Silafī narrated to us (akhbaranā):
Abū al-Mahāsin ar-Rūyānī narrated to us (akhbaranā):
I heard Abū Naśr al-Balkhī:
I heard Abū Sulaimān al-Khattabī:
I heard Abū Sa’īd bin al-A’rabī while we were listening this book which is Sunan Abī Daūd, he said:
If a man doEs not have with him from knowledge other than the muśhaf which is within it the Kitāb of Allāh, and then this Kitab, he definitely does not need with these two to any other from knowledge.
Abū Ya’qūb al-Qarrāb said:
al-Khattabī died in Bust in the month of Rabī’ al-Ākhir in the year 388 AH.
I say: In that period, the muhaddith of Isfarāyīn, Abū Naśr Syāfi’ bin Muhammad Bin Abū ‘Awānah al-Isfarāyinī and the muhaddith of Rūjird al-Qādhī Abū al-Husain ‘Ubaid Allah bin Sa’īd al-Burūjirdī who narrated from Ibn Jarīr passed away in 391 AH and 401 AH respectively. The musnid of Naisabūr Abū al-Fadhl ‘Ubaid Allāh Bin Muhammad al-Fāmī, the muqri’ of Miśr Abū Hafś ‘Umar Bin ‘Irāk al-Hadhramī, the muqri’ of ‘Irāq Abū al-Farj Muhammad Bin Ahmad ash-Shanabūźī, the shaykh al-adab Abū ‘Ālī Muhammad bin al-Hasan bin al-Mużaffar al-Hātimī in Baghdad, the musnid of Marwā Abū al-Fadhl Muhammad bin al-Husain al-Haddādī the faqīh at 400AH, the ‘Ālim of Miśr Abū Bakr Muhammad Bin ‘Ālī al-Uźfuwī al-Muqri’ al-Mufassir, the Muhaddith of Makkah Abū Ya’qūb Yusuf Bin Ahmad bin ad-Dakhil, also passed away in that period.
Ahmad bin Salamah reported to us (akhbara) in writing from ‘abd al-Ghanī bin Surūr al-Hāfiż:
Ismā’īl Bin Ghānim reported to us (akhbara):
‘abd al-Wāhid bin Ismā’īl reported to us (akhbara):
Muhammad Bin Ahmad al-Balkhī reported to us (akhbara):
Hamd Bin Muhammad narrated to us (haddatha):
Muhammad Bin Zakaria narrated to us (haddatha):
Abū Daūd narrated to us (haddatha):
Muhammad Bin Huzābah narrated to us (haddatha):
Ishāq bin Manśūr narrated to us (haddatha):
Asbāt narrated to us (haddatha) from as-Suddī from his father from Abū Hurairah from the Prophet, Salutations of Allāh and His Peace upon him:
الْإِيمَانُ قَيَّدَ الْفَتْكَ ، لَا يَفْتِكُ مُؤْمِنٌ
Faith (al-Imān) is tied to murder. The believer (mu’min) shall not commit murder.
He is the one who said:
The estrangement (ghurbah) of a man (al-Insān) is not in remoteness in terms of distance,
It is however, by Allāh, the lack of resemblance (shakl).
I am indeed gharīb (estranged) from Bust and it’s people,
Even if my family is within it and I am it’s inhabitant.