aź-Źahabī, may Allah have mercy upon him said in the Siyar al-A’lām an-Nubalā’:
The Imām, the ‘A’llāmah (Learned to the utmost degree), the Aqdhā al-Qudhāh (the most accomplished of the Jurists), Abū al-Hasan ‘Ālī Bin Muhammad Bin Habīb al-Baśrī al-Māwardī, asy-Syāfi’ī is the author of many works.
He narrated from al-Hasan Bin ‘Alī al-Jabalī the companion of Abū Khalīfah al-Jumahī, and from Muhammad Bin ‘Adī al-Minqarī, Muhammad bin Mu’allā and Ja’far Bin Muhammad Bin al-Fadhl. Abū Bakr al-Khatīb narrated from him and considered him thiqah. He said:
He died in Rabī’ al-Awwal in 450 AH at an age of 86 years. He managed the judiciary in the cities of Shatta and then he stayed in Baghdad.
Abū Ishāq in the Tabaqāt said:
Aqdhā al-Qudhāh al-Māwardī is amongst them. He took fiqh from Abū al-Qāsim as-Śaimarī in Baśrah. He then travelled to asy-Syeikh Abū Hāmid al-Isfarainī. He studied in Baśrah and Baghdad for years. He had many writings in fiqh, tafsīr, uśūl fiqh, and adab. He is devoted (having hifż) to the maźhab. He died in Baghdad.
al-Qādhī Syams ad-Dīn Wafayāt al-A’yān said:
Whoever reads the book al-Hāwī, he will witness the depth (tabahhur) and cognizance (ma’rifah) of the maźhab.
He administered the judiciary in many cities. He has a tafsīr of the Qur’ān entitled al-Nukat, Adab ad-Dunyā wa ad-Dīn, al-Ahkām as-Sultaniyyah, Qanūn al-Wizārah wa Siyāsah al-Mulk and Iqnā’, an abridgment in the maźhab.
It is said:
Truly, none of his works was made known in his lifetime. He gathered them in a place. As he was approaching his death, he said to one whom he trust: The books which are in such and such a place are my writings in its entirety. I had not made it known because I did not find sincerity (ikhlāś) in my intentions. So when I am looking at death, and I fall into naza’ (struggle of death), place your hands in mine. If I were to grip it and press it, then know that nothing of it is accepted from me. So, proceed to the books and throw it into the Tigris River. If my hand expands (opens up), know that it is accepted. The man said: When it arrived, I placed my hand in his, and it expanded (opened up). His books thus became known.
I say: The last to narrate from him is Abū al-‘Izz Bin Kādish.
Abū al-Fadhl Bin Khairūn said:
He is a man of great standing, amongst the foremost to the Sultān. He is one of the Imāms and has very good works in all fields. He and al-Qādhī Tayyīb passed away eleven days apart.
Abū ‘Amr Bin as-Śolāh said:
He was indicted as a mu’tazalite but I made ta’wīl (interpretation of his words) for him, and asserted ‘uźr (pretext) until I found him choosing their opinions in some instances. He said in his tafsīr: He (Allāh) does not will the worship of idols. He said with regard to “We created (ja’ala) for every prophet an enemy”: It’s meaning is “We judged (hakamna) that they are enemies or we left them to be enemies and we did not stop them from being so.” His tafsīr is very problematic (‘ażīm adh-dharar). He did not make the affiliation to mu’tazilah apparent. Rather, he is silent about it. He, however did not agree with them on the createdness (khalq) of the Quran but agree with them on qadr (predestination). He said with regard to His Saying: Truly We created every single thing with qadar i.e with the earlier hukm.
He did not considered the soundness of the narrative by the ijāzah (authorization). Khatīb al-Mauśil narrated from Ibnu Badrān al-Hulwānī from al-Māwardī.
In this period, al-Qādhī Abū Tayyib at-Tabari, Abu ‘Abdillah al-Husain Bin Muhammad al-Wannī, al-Muhaddith ‘Alī Bin Baqā’ al-Warrā’, Abū al-Qāsim ‘Umar Bin al-Husain al-Khaffāf , the Chief of Chiefs ‘Alī Bin Muslimah al-Wazīr, Abū al-Fathi Manśūr Bin al-Husain at-Tānī passed away.